Muscle Anatomy, Physiology and Function
Muscle Matters Part 1 of 3 Introduction
Exert from the article by Dr Sotirios Foutsizoglou. This article assists with understanding the function and structure of the human musculature.
Subject: Human Muscle Anatomy, Function and Structure
Procedure/Course: Foundation and Intermediate Botulinum Toxin/Botox Training
This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the main aspects of the physiology and anatomy of muscles as well as the most important differences among different types of muscle in the human body. Traditionally, muscles have been classified according to their microscopic structure (striated versus smooth muscle). Another way muscles are classified is according to their innervation. Thus, voluntary muscles under conscious control are distinguished from involuntary muscles under the control of the autonomic nervous system. However, the properties of different types of muscle are more readily understood in terms of their functional roles.1 According to this classification, muscles in the human body fall into three major categories:
Skeletal, a voluntary and striated type, used in functions such as locomotion and breathing; Smooth, an unstriated type, associated with blood vessels (located in the walls of most vessels, especially arterioles) and visceral (hollow) organs and involved with involuntary internal processes; Cardiac, an involuntary unstriated type, that makes up most of the walls of the heart and adjacent great vessels, such as the aorta.
Subscribe to this post and receive an email notification once the next part has been posted.
About the author
Dr Sotirios Foutsizoglou developed a particular interest in anatomy during his time working in plastic and reconstructive surgery in the NHS. He became heavily involved in teaching anatomy and physiology to medical students and junior doctors and has worked as an anatomy demonstrator for Imperial College. Since 2012, in his role as the lead trainer of KT Medical Aesthetics Group, he has been training practitioners in facial anatomy and advanced non-surgical treatments and procedures. He has written and lectured on facial anatomy and complications associated with injectables both nationally and internationally.
This article will assist practitioners who have completed the foundation Botox training course or will be attending in the near future. In conclusion understanding the muscle anatomy and function is beneficial for any cosmetic practitioner and essential knowledge when providing botulinum toxin treatments.